Earth + Water + Air + FireTraditional Turkish ceramic technology which can be regarded to have evolved “from mineral to jewelry” largely depends on mediaeval knowledge of alchemy. Coupling of glass frit and quartz mixture to clay after heat treatment made it possible for these products to endure the effects of time and brought them until today. These perfect designs are composed of a compatible blend of four elements: Four Elements: Earth + Water + Air + Fire Ceramic/çini (Evani and Kaşi) is also one of these admirable, meticulous product of these four elements. Body is composed of red or white clay. Shaping is carried out in the form of casting by using different tools. Bright color palette is very rich particularly in underglaze and overglaze applications: dark blue, blue, purple, turquoise, green, red, black, white, etc. glazes are generally alkalic.